Coronavirus Hub

The COVID-19 pandemic is having a major impact across the globe and has considerable environmental implications. The following links to JRI posts and external sites provide a resource for exploring this area. Because the number of links has become very large we have decided to split them up under four categories: origins of the pandemic; impacts of the pandemic on the environment; the future beyond the pandemic; and Church and Christian Perspectives. Some articles have material from more that one category and will be mentioned more than once. But before that, we will just mention our own publication on the topic which really looks at all four areas. “COVID-19: Environment, Justice, and the Future”, a new Grove booklet, was written in three weeks by a team of Dr Ruth Valerio (Tearfund), Dr Martin Hodson (JRI), Revd Margot Hodson (JRI), and Revd Dr Timothy Howles (William Temple Foundation, and a CRES tutor). It covers the origins of the pandemic, the environmental impacts of the lockdowns, and how to build back in a just and sustainable way. The booklet is now published and can be found HERE. Revd Dr Ian Paul, the chief editor of Grove booklets, has published a Blog Post summarising the booklet and providing commentary from his perspective. Timothy Howles also produced a summary and an abstract. The booklet costs £3.95 including post and package (Do note the dropdown box for “Formats” where you can toggle from Paperback to a Digital (PDF) format).

Now to the four sections:

Origins of the pandemic

Coronavirus: Was US money used to fund risky research in China? BBC News article by the Reality Check team (23 July 2021)

Covid origins: Scientists weigh up evidence over virus’s origins.  BBC News article by Victoria Gill (10 July 2021)

The Last—And Only—Foreign Scientist in the Wuhan Lab Speaks Out. Bloomberg News article by Michelle Fay Cortez (27 June 2021)

Divisive COVID ‘lab leak’ debate prompts dire warnings from researchers. Nature news article by Amy Maxmen (27 May 2021)

How our abuse of nature makes pandemics like covid-19 more likely. New Scientist article by Adam Vaughan. (3 March 2021)

Did the coronavirus really come from frozen food, as the WHO suggests? New Scientist article by Adam Vaughan (12 February 2021)

Covid: WHO says ‘extremely unlikely’ virus leaked from lab in China. BBC News article by Michelle Roberts (9 February 2021)

Why the search for the real origin of the coronavirus is a global concern. Washington Post article by Adam Taylor (7 January 2021)

The Lab-Leak Hypothesis. Intelligencer article by Nicholas Baker (4 January 2021)

Covid: WHO to investigate virus origins in China’s Wuhan. BBC Article (16 December 2020)

Origin story: what do we know now about where coronavirus came from? The Guardian article by Sarah Boseley (12 December 2020)

Covid: Why bats are not to blame, say scientists BBC article by Helen Briggs (12 October 2020)

Extinction: The Facts Sir David Attenborough’s BBC documentary has a section devoted to the origins of the pandemic towards the end of the programme (13 September 2020)

Could COVID-19 Have Escaped from a Lab? Boston Magazine article by Rowan Jacobsen (9 September 2020)

Rampant destruction of forests ‘will unleash more pandemics’ The Guardian article by Robin McKie (30 August 2020)

Deadly diseases from wildlife thrive when nature is destroyed, study finds. The Guardian article by Damian Carrington (5 August 2020)

Disease-carrying animals thrive on our farmed land and in our cities. New Scientist article by Michael Le Page (5 August 2020)

Can Humans Give Coronavirus to Bats, and Other Wildlife? New York Times article by James Gorman (1 August 2020)

Maciej F. Boni et al. Evolutionary origins of the SARS-CoV-2 sarbecovirus lineage responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic. Nature Microbiology (28 July 2020)

The hunt for the origins of SARS-CoV-2 will look beyond China. The Economist article (anon) (22 July 2020)

To prevent the next deadly disease, we must stop harming nature. National Geographic article by Enric Sala (20 July 2020)

Here’s how scientists know the coronavirus came from bats and wasn’t made in a lab. The Conversation article by Polly Hayes (13 July 2020)

Wuhan: City of silence. Looking for answers in the place where coronavirus started. BBC News article by John Sudworth (July 2020)

Ignore the conspiracy theories: scientists know Covid-19 wasn’t created in a lab. The Guardian article by Peter Daszak (9 June 2020)

Could Covid-19 have reached the UK earlier than thought? The Guardian article by Frances Perraudin and Matthew Weaver (1 June 2020)

CGTN Exclusive: Director of Wuhan Institute of Virology says ‘let science speak‘ CGTN news. (23 May 2020).

The real scandal isn’t what China did to us. It’s what we did to ourselves. The Washington Post article by Fareed Zakaria (7 May 2020)

‘Promiscuous treatment of nature’ will lead to more pandemics – scientists. The Guardian article by Jonathan Watts (7 May 2020)

Coronavirus: A hunt for the ‘missing link’ host species. BBC article by Victoria Gill (4 May 2020)

Where did Covid-19 come from? What we know about its origins. The Guardian article by Peter Beaumont (1 May 2020)

Coronavirus: Pandemics will be worse and more frequent unless we stop exploiting Earth and animals, top scientists warn. Independent article by Jane Dalton (29 April 2020)

‘We have disrespected animals and disrespected the environment’ – Dame Jane Goodall on coronavirus.  Channel 4 Video (28 April 2020)

Halt destruction of nature or suffer even worse pandemics, say world’s top scientists Guardian article by Damian Carrington (27 April 2020)

Did the COVID-19 virus originate from a lab or nature? Examining the evidence for different hypotheses of the novel coronavirus’ origins. Health Feedback article by Flora Teoh. (24 April 2020)

‘Wet markets’ likely launched the coronavirus. Here’s what you need to know. National Geographic article by Dina Fine Maron (15 April 2020)

State Department cables warned of safety issues at Wuhan lab studying bat coronaviruses. Washington Post article by Josh Rogin (14 April 2020)

Want to Stop the Next Pandemic? Start Protecting Wildlife Habitats Time article by Eric Roston (8 April 2020)

Land use change at the root of coronavirus pandemic? Frontiers Video by Prof Paolo Vineis (6 April 2020)

Ben Hu et al. Discovery of a rich gene pool of bat SARS-related coronaviruses provides new insights into the origin of SARS coronavirus. PLoS Pathogens 13(11): e1006698. (30 November 2017).

10 incidents discovered at the nation’s biolabs. USA TODAY article by Alison Young and Nick Penzenstadler (29 May 2015)

Impacts of the pandemic on the environment

I’m a climate scientist – here’s three key things I have learned over a year of COVID. The Conversation article by Piers Forster (10 March 2021)

Covid-19 Cut Gases That Warm the Globe But a Drop in Other Pollution Boosted Regional Temperatures. Inside Climate News article by Bob Berwyn (15 February 2021)

What is the environmental cost of pandemic PPE? JRI Blog Post by Hannah Gray (23 November 2020)

Zhu Liu et al. Near-real-time monitoring of global CO2 emissions reveals the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Nature Communications 11, 5172 (14 October 2020)

Elizabeth Derryberry et al. Singing in a silent spring: Birds respond to a half-century soundscape reversion during the COVID-19 shutdown. Science DOI: 10.1126/science.abd5777 (24 September 2020)

Exposure to air pollution may increase risk of Covid death, major study says. The Guardian article by Damian Carrington (13 August 2020)

Coronavirus lockdown reduced seismic activity around the world – new study. The Conversation article by Paula Koelemeijer and Stephen Hicks (23 July 2020)

Covid-19 impact on ethnic minorities linked to housing and air pollution. The Guardian article by Damian Carrington (19 July 2020)

Marina Soltan et al. To what extent are social determinants of health, including household overcrowding, air pollution and housing quality deprivation, modulators of presentation, ITU admission and outcomes among patients with SARS-COV-2 infection in an urban catchment area in Birmingham, United Kingdom? BMC Public Health (8 July 2020)

Analysis: China’s CO2 emissions surged past pre-coronavirus levels in May. CarbonBrief article by Lauri Myllyvirta (29 June 2020)

Scientists Declare an Unprecedented ‘Anthropause’ Due to The Pandemic. ScienceAlert article by Carly Cassella (24 June 2020)

Coronavirus: Wildlife scientists examine the great ‘human pause’ BBC News article by Victoria Gill (23 June 2020)

Christian Rutz et al. COVID-19 lockdown allows researchers to quantify the effects of human activity on wildlife. Nature Ecology & Evolution (22 June 2020)

What lockdown? Traffic returns, and so do carbon emissions. Grist article by Shannon Osaka (15 June 2020)

Great, now the ocean is filled with COVID trash: Masks, gloves, and hand sanitizer. Grist article by Joseph Winters (11 June 2020)

Cleaner air during UK lockdown relieves asthma for millions. The Guardian article by Damian Carrington (4 June 2020)

Coronavirus: Seahorses return to Dorset coast amid lockdown. BBC website (2 June 2020)

Covid recovery could ‘tip the balance’ for nature. BBC Article by Victoria Gill. (21 May 2020)

Corinne Le Quéré et al. Temporary reduction in daily global CO2 emissions during the COVID-19 forced confinement. Nature Climate Change (2020). (19 May 2020)

Coal industry will never recover after coronavirus pandemic, say experts. The Guardian article by Jonathan Watts and Jillian Ambrose (17 May 2020)

Coronavirus puts spotlight on landmark year for nature. BBC article by Helen Briggs (14 May 2020)

It Took A Pandemic To Prove Individual Actions Alone Won’t Solve The Climate Crisis. HuffPost US article by Amy Westervelt (7 May 2020)

An argument for reusable PPE. Baylor College of Medicine article by Maria Alejandra Jaramillo (7 May 2020)

This pandemic is an environmental issue. Evening Standard article by Tony Juniper (7 May 2020)

The Risks – Know Them – Avoid Them by Erin Bromage (6 May 2020)

Climate change and coronavirus: Five charts about the biggest carbon crash. BBC article by Matt McGrath (6 May 2020)

Wildlife through the window: what readers have spotted during lockdown. The Guardian article by Phoebe Weston (30 April 2020)

IEA: Coronavirus impact on CO2 emissions six times larger than 2008 financial crisis. CarbonBrief article by Josh Gabbatiss (30 April 2020)

Coronavirus is not just a health crisis — it’s an environmental justice crisis Grist article by Yvette Cabrera (24 April 2020)

Coronavirus plastic waste polluting the environment. DW article by Nikolia Apostolou (23 April 2020)

The future beyond the pandemic

Revealed: Covid recovery plans threaten global climate hopes. The Guardian article by Fiona Harvey (9 November 2020)

The next pandemic: where is it coming from and how do we stop it? Financial Times article by Leslie Hook (29 October 2020)

Media Release: IPBES #PandemicsReport: Escaping the ‘Era of Pandemics’ The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) (29 October 2020)

The Genetic Engineering Genie is Out of the Bottle. Foreign Policy article by Vivek Wadhwa (11 September 2020)

Piers M. Forster et al. Current and future global climate impacts resulting from COVID-19. Nature Climate Change (7 August 2020)

Coronavirus: Green recovery ‘could prevent 0.3C’ of warming by 2050. CarbonBrief article by Josh Gabbatiss (7 August 2020)

This is what coronavirus will do to our offices and homes. BBC animation by the BBC Visual and Data Journalism Team (6 August 2020)

We are entering an era of pandemics – it will end only when we protect the rainforest. The Guardian article by Peter Daszak (28 July 2020)

Andrew P. Dobson et al. Ecology and economics for pandemic prevention. Science (24 July 2020)

Cost of preventing next pandemic ‘equal to just 2% of Covid-19 economic damage’ The Guardian article by Damian Carrington (23 Jul 2020)

Pandemics result from destruction of nature, say UN and WHO. The Guardian article by Damian Carrington (17 June 2020)

Five key questions about energy after Covid-19. BBC article by Matt McGrath (9 June 2020)

World faces worst food crisis for at least 50 years, UN warns. The Guardian article by Fiona Harvey (9 June 2020)

Bruno Latour: ‘This is a global catastrophe that has come from within‘. The Observer article by Jonathan Watts (6 June 2020)

Ryan M. Pearson et al. COVID-19 recovery can benefit biodiversity. Science (22 May 2020): Vol. 368, Issue 6493, pp. 838-839.

Covid recovery could ‘tip the balance’ for nature. BBC Article by Victoria Gill. (21 May 2020)

Coal industry will never recover after coronavirus pandemic, say experts. The Guardian article by Jonathan Watts and Jillian Ambrose (17 May 2020)

Large areas of London to be made car-free as lockdown eased. The Guardian article by Matthew Taylor (15 May 2020)

Coronavirus: Challenge of reshaping UK cities after lockdown. BBC article by Georgina Rannard (9 May 2020)

Mark Carney: ‘We can’t self-isolate from climate change’. BBC article by Victoria Gill (7 May 2020)

Climate change: Could the coronavirus crisis spur a green recovery? BBC article by Roger Harrabin (6 May 2020)

Take urgent action on six key principles for a resilient recovery. Committee on Climate Change article (6 May 2020)

Coronavirus: UK warned to avoid climate change crisis. BBC article by Roger Harrabin (6 May 2020)

Green stimulus can repair global economy and climate, study says. The Guardian article by Fiona Harvey (5 May 2020)

Leading economists: Green coronavirus recovery also better for economy. CarbonBrief article by Brian O’Callaghan and Cameron Hepburn (5 May 2020)

Coronavirus recovery plan ‘must tackle climate change’ BBC News article by Roger Harrabin (25 April 2020)

Climate Change and Coronavirus: now and the future by JRI Operations Director, Dr Martin Hodson, is a JRI blog post written for Earth Day 2020 at the suggestion of (21 April 2020)

COVID-19 & climate change: economic solutions. Frontiers Video by Sam Fankhauser & Charles Donovan (21 April 2020)

Green energy could drive Covid-19 recovery with $100tn boost. The Guardian article by Jillian Ambrose (20 April 2020)

David Suzuki on applying COVID-19’s lessons to climate change National Observer article by Rochelle Baker (17 April 2020)

We must learn from this crisis to fight climate change. Independent article by Eli Mitchell-Larson and Kaya Axelsson (6 April 2020)

Hope for the Planet – JRI blog post by Andy Lester, maintaining hopes and dreams in a time of fear (20 March 2020)

Church and Christian Perspectives

Integrating creation care into mission planning in a post-Covid urban setting. JRI Briefing Paper No. 42 by Shelly Dennison

Conversations on Integral Ecology: Planetary Boundaries and the Pandemic.  Tim Howles interviews Bethany Sollereder for the Laudato Si Research Institute (11 January 2021) Link no longer active December 2022

Grieving the Earth as Prayer. A Wounded Speech That Heals. The Ecumenical Review article by Hannah Malcolm. (16 December 2020)

Pandemic, Ecology and Theology. Perspectives on COVID-19 Ed. Alexander Hampton (Published 2 November 2020). The first major book we are aware of specifically looking at COVID-19 from an ecological and theological perspective.

A kairos moment: Prophecy and hope in the time of COVID-19. Keough School of Global Affairs blog by Emmanuel Katongole (2 October 2020)

How should Christians respond to a new lockdown? Psephizo blog by Ian Paul (25 September 2020)

Reflections on la rentrée in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic. Bishop in Europe blog by Robert Innes (1 September 2020)

Hungry for Good News in Pandemic Times. Gifts from the Church for the Common Good by Carol Kingston-Smith in Lausanne Global Analysis · (September 2020 · Volume 9 / Issue 5)

What About Viruses A Christian Reflection on Covid 19 by Robert S. White and Roger P. Abbott (Faraday Institute)

King Hezekiah’s Psalm of Thanksgiving after his Recovery (Isaiah 38:10-20): lessons for pastoral care in the pandemic by Roger P. Abbott (Faraday Institute)

Reconciling a wounded planet in the midst of a pandemic. Evangelical Focus article by Ruth Valerio (25 June 2020)

Making Sense of the Covid-19 Coronavirus by Andrew Basden (10 June 2020)

Why American evangelicals are so tempted by the easy assurance of conspiracy theories Religion News Service article by D.L. Mayfield (5 June 2020)

COVID-19: A Christian Response. Research Seminar given by Prof. Bob White on 28 May 2020, with responses by Revd Dr Roger Abbott and Dr Denis Alexander (Video)

Should Christians eat less meat? Church Times Interview with David Clough. (22 May 2020)

Viral and Human Origins Political Theology Network article by Myrna Perez Sheldon (21 May 2020)

In times of global crisis, time to formulate the narrative of the way out. World Council of Churches blog post by Henrik Grape (19 May 2020)

What future will we build after lockdown? by Ruth Valerio (10 May 2020)

COVID-19 Pandemic Highlights Persistent Injustices. article by Dale K. Edmondson (5 May 2020)

Renew our World calls for a rethink in our relationship with nature statement includes an interview with Dave Bookless (29 April 2020)

How can we turn the tables on the evil of COVID-19? A Rocha UK blog post by Andy Atkins (28 April 2020)

Climate Change and Coronavirus: now and the future by JRI Operations Director, Dr Martin Hodson, is a JRI blog post written for Earth Day 2020 at the suggestion of (21 April 2020)

No, the coronavirus is not an act of God Church Times article by Katharine Dell. (20 April 2020)

Twelve Steps Towards Freedom: People – JRI blog post by Dave Gregory, making the climate emergency personal learning from the communication of the Covid-19 emergency (15 April 2020)

Decoding coronavirus: sin, judgement and (not) the end of the world, a theological reflection, by Dr Ruth Valerio and Gideon Heugh (Tearfund) (2 April 2020)

JRI and Coronavirus – JRI blog post by Martin Hodson, giving the practical immediate impact of the pandemic restrictions on this charity (27 March 2020)

Hope for the Planet – JRI blog post by Andy Lester, maintaining hopes and dreams in a time of fear (20 March 2020)


Image by Miroslava Chrienova from Pixabay